Every NEC has different ASVAB score requirements. It travels in sinusoidal waves radiating out in all directions from a source. As sailors gradually move through A School and complete different phases, their restrictions are slowly lifted and liberties are increased. The analysis of information is a large part of the sonar team’s responsibility. Now, Aaron manages a small Patreon page and contributes to The War Zone. A. Underway, the sonar team is planning tactical positions, taking advantage of the environment and topography to catch their prey. Today's military algorithms can solve these questions quickly, but they still must be verified by the sonar team. Half the 14-man sonar division is on watch at any time. It’s like sailing in a sonic hall of mirrors. The target knows they are being hunted. We switch to eight hours on watch, eight hours off watch ‘Port and Starboard’ rotations. This is required for recording verification, annotation, and documenting the events that are about to unfold. The intense cooperation of the sonar team and the sonar algorithms are necessary to be successful in the high data flow of today's complex sonar environments. Active sonar signal processing: Projects focus on active sonar systems for wide area surveillance, distributed search and battle-group defense. Trackers are assigned to the target from every array that correlates to the detection. It can also be a transit detection like a sharp metallic sound that is heard out of the blue or active sonar that lights up a display like it's the holidays. This hunt is also addictive and keeps sonarmen coming back for more—studying the environment, looking for that acoustic advantage that may be the difference between success and being detected. The Navy Sonar Technician is highly trained in electronics and acoustics of ships, submarines, and oceanographic issues. Sonar Technician - Surface roadmaps are just what the name implies - a roadmap through the Enlisted Learning and Development Continuum from Seaman Recruit through Master Chief. Sonar employment is a hunt. The California CareerZone helps students, educators, jobseekers, and others access up-to-date information on wages, job openings, and other information specific to their state along with great information on careers, colleges, and more. Tracking contacts while searching for new targets requires a disciplined operator. Sonar (sound navigation and ranging) is a technique that uses sound propagation (usually underwater, as in submarine navigation) to navigate, communicate with or detect objects on or under the surface of the water, such as other vessels. The sea is full of noise. The watches are long and intense as each new update is vigorously scrutinized for detection. The sonar operator will analyze this signal on two general interfaces: the broadband display and narrowband display. Automatic artificial intelligence algorithms flag potential targets for the sonar operators to verify. In addition to these primary arrays, modern submarines feature conformal arrays and towed arrays, which all contribute to the sonar 'picture' emanating out many miles from the submarines. Earphones provide the diver with audio information of objects by the searching sonar beam, 5 May 1960. Just outside our submarine, our target unknowingly passes along our port side. If the requirements are met, the sonar display will mark the detection to bring the operator's attention to it. But the Navy seems to have made it all but impossible to classify these events for further review as sonar operators aren't allowed to 'not know' what something is. The search for new contacts continues while the operator ensures a solid contact track is maintained. INTRODUCTION TO THE NAVY ENLISTED CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM. A similar training game was developed by the Office of Naval Research (ONR), Lincoln Laboratory, and Pipeworks titled Strike Group Defender. Navy Enlisted Rating: Sonar Technician - The Balance Careers The experienced sonar team analyzes each detection for the contact’s characteristics. Sonar operators are a trained group of sailors who are responsible for managing a large amount of real-time acoustic information. Enlistment Bonus Physical Screening Test (EBPST) â $2,000 Contact classification is done in two steps: First, the initial classification is the impression the operator gets when he first hears the target. How Submarines Regularly 'Fight To The Death' Off The Bahamas. This operator must carefully investigate every bearing and every frequency from every array in real-time. The engine room watch stands in place with their logs in hand. Few countries outside NATO operate independently. It’s a tactical game where the board is constantly changing. Sonar operators are a trained group of sailors who are responsible for managing a large amount of â¦ Fishing trawlers, long voyage merchant ships, wind, rain, tectonic and biological activity is a constant backdrop the sonar operator must use their tools to peer through the deepsea veil and find the target. Navy Musician (MU-SG) Navy Diver (ND-ATF)* Sonar Technician Surface (STG-AEF) Sonar Technician Surface (STG-5YO) Special Warfare Boat Operator (SB-ATF) Special Warfare Operator (SO-ATF) Sub Electronics Computer Field (SECF-5YO) *Limited to $20,000 in eligible loans. The Sonar Supervisor is the liaison between the raw acoustic data and the Approach Officer. Adds the following qualification cards: (1) Basic Handling Equipment Operator (2) Launcher System Operator The data passes into the beamformer, where it is 'sorted' in the proper direction. Sonar technician (abbreviated as ST) is a United States Navy occupational rating. He has published two audiobooks on Cold War-era submarines, Akula SSN Project 971 Sub Brief and USS Nautilus SSN-571 Sub Brief. A single array is a group of elements that send information to the sonar beamformer. Initial movements are closely monitored because no one is sure how close the new contact is to their own ship. is a coined name, taken from the words SOund Navigation And Ranging. Modern sonar systems have multiple arrays displaying data at the same time in this format. Target acquisition in sonar begins a series of events. What U.S. Submariners Actually Say About Detection Of So-Called Unidentified Submerged Objects. The Navy Enlisted Classification (NEC) system, of which the NEC coding system is a part, supplements the enlisted rating structure in identifying personnel on active or inactive duty and billets in manpower authorizations. This is were we deconflict the operating schedule of the submarine’s mission assignments. Sonar Operators spend much of their career on board ships with âhome portsâ in either Halifax, Nova Scotia, or Esquimalt, British Columbia. âBeing a Sonar Operator means I have to always be looking beyond,â said Petty Officer First Class (PO1) Joseph Rempel, Senior Sonar Operator in Her Majestyâs Canadian Ship (HMCS) Ottawa, and a former instructor. the submarine. Marine Acoustics, Inc. is seeking an experienced engineer to conduct testing, evaluation, and assessment of Navy sonar systems under development for the purpose of Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASWâ¦ the company. The automated tracking system tracks and stores contact history without operator action. It’s like walking through a forest blindfolded where you can only detect the tree when it’s at arm’s length. The radar and sonar systems are also used to â¦ Qualifications for Navy Sonar Technicians, Sea/Shore Rotation for Navy Sonar Technicians (Surface), Discover Navy Enlisted Classification (NEC) Codes for Fire Controlman, Navy Enlisted Classifications for Electronics Technicians, NEC Codes: Aviation Electronics Technician, Learn About Being a Navy Nuclear Trained Electronics Technician. Now the sonar signal is ready for display on the operator's console. NEC codes identify a non-rating wide skill, knowledge, aptitude, or qualification that must be documented to identify both people and billets for management purposes. They combine some natural ability with yearlong shore-based training before putting on a set of headphones at sea. They are planning their own ambush and have a lot of the same tools we have. We received training, a fitness regime, and lots of tests. A small specialized trade, sonar operators (SonarOps) are employed in both the Halifax-Class frigates and Victoria-Class submarines, with the majority working in the surface fleet. Aaron Amick is a retired U.S. Navy submarine sonarman. The principal focus is to standardize a program Navy wide by featuring the existing skills necessary to be successful in the Navy. The Navy Enlisted Classification (NEC) system supplements the enlisted rating structure in identifying personnel on active or inactive duty and billets in manpower authorizations. Navy A School does not have as many restrictions as boot camp, but does not have as many freedoms as a sailor will once they complete training. To help manage the flow of information, the Sonar Supervisor stands behind the operators where they can see all the displays. Nukes, Nubs And Coners: The Unique Social Hierarchy Aboard A Nuclear Submarine. The broadband shows the collective energy received by the array on a bearing over time in a 'waterfall' format, cascading down from top to bottom, like a digital scroll. Sonar Operator salaries at Canadian Armed Forces can range from $47,739-$76,334. b. When on the surface you will act as the Radar operator and as part of the Ship's Protection Force be trained in the use of weaponry, such as the 5.56mm rifle and General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG), designed to protect the submarine and its Ship's Company in all areas around the globe. During our transit time, we are receiving radio traffic updating us with unit locations, both NATO and otherwise, that may be in our area. "ASW training, including the use of active sonar in at-sea training scenarios during COMPTUEX, is vital to training sonar operators and ensuring the Navy stays competent in â¦ The second step in classification requires analysis. A sonar watch is exhausting and deserves a good shower afterward. Machinist's Mate: Marine Corps Enlisted Jobs and What They Involve, What You Need to Know About the Nuclear Trained Machinist Mate. When the sonarman dons their headphones, they must use initiative, intuition, and individual ability to execute their role within the sonar team in order to catch the target. Before we get underway we swing by the squadron building and pick up our package. They use radar and sonar to detect, track, recognize, analyze, and identify objects. General categories are biologics (fish and sea life), seismic (earthquakes), merchant, aircraft, trawler, warship, and submarine. The narrowband processors take the broadband energy and divide it into individual frequencies that cross the full spectrum of the array. Sonar Technicians, Surface (STG) operate surface sonar and other oceanographic systems; manipulate, control, evaluate, and interpret sonar and oceanographic data. Basic Sonar Operator (Navy - Enlisted) 17-3029.00: Engineering Technologists and Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other: 001760: Advanced Sonar Operator (Navy - Enlisted) 49-2093.00: Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment: 001765: It makes the hard work in the training simulators, hours of lecture, reading, and study worth the effort. The length and location of training depends on the specific rating. Physical Fitness Bonus. Contact classification and other updates are passed over sound powered circuits that allow quiet communication between stations. No one moves. Sound analysis is a vital tool in naval operations. Improved knowledge and practical experience give today’s sonarmen the confidence and ability to fight and win the next hunt. Navy STS - Sonar Operator Sonar Equipment Operators operate sonar systems, underwater fire control systems, and support equipment on combatant surface ships and fixed shore stations. In this article, we will dive into what a sonar team provides the tactical decision-makers on board a vessel and how they go about providing it. The sonar array feeds data into signal conditioners like a preamplifier and equalizer. They conduct undersea surveillance and aid in safe navigation. Patterns are matched and measured with onscreen tools and cursors. Generally speaking, Sonarmen are trained to detect changes in patterns. Sea environments vary greatly and have an enormous impact on sonar performance. In fact, he’s probably not. The Sonar Supervisor is responsible for providing a clear picture of the real world tactical situation outside the submarine and to make sure that it matches the tactical fire control system's report. A sharp, metallic transient object is out of place in the natural undersea world. There is no procedure or checklist to follow at this point. The cooks in the galley are like statues with mitten gloves and serving pans. He is the check between the reality outside the submarine and what the fire control tracking party believes is happening. Ice caps and marginal ice zones are noisy areas that can mask and reflect sonar signals from moment to moment as you pass beneath ice keels. Passive sonar signal processing: Projects focus on signal processing algorithms that detect, classify and locate modern diesel-electric submarines at â¦ Deep-sea oceans have unique characteristics like deep sound channels that trap noise and allow it to travel for hundreds of miles with very little loss of energy. These are the audio and visual cues the trained sonar operator hunts for tirelessly while on watch. This is the solution a weapon will be given before it’s launched. Data is not just directed from the array to fire control. In the control room, the target solution is laid down on a Fusion Plot. He served in both Atlantic and Pacific Oceans on 688 Los Angles Class Fast Attack and Ohio class ballistic missile submarines. For enlistment into the Navy you must get a minimum ASVAB score of 35. The Office of Naval Intelligence will also send us two or three specially trained sonarmen to assist us in tracking and recording the mission targets from the sonar perspective. Watching this Doppler shift is one method sonar ‘sees’ the contact and plots its position. Intelligence updates are discussed here and changes to the sonar search plan are discussed. Automated and manually designated threat events are preloaded into the sonar computers. The Navy seeks multiplayer serious games for ASW and undersea warfare sonar operator training to address this proficiency challenge. It is dated in a sort of wonderful way, but still worthwhile for a basic primer: Sonar systems use a variety of arrays to detect energy. He or she is typically the most experienced operator on the team and can help classify and localize a new detection. We get underway and update the sonar search plan with the probable threats we expect to encounter. Several passive ranging techniques, speed calculation, and real-time bearing change formulas are used to generalize the target's position. We can’t conduct noisy evolutions on the mission, so we get that done early while underway. Narrowband sonar displays are a collection of data pages that are examined continuously, zoomed, interrogated, and calculated for possible contact relations. Littoral areas have freshwater run-offs from rivers and snow melts create vertical sound barriers that reflect your own sound. What They Do: They are Enlisted Sailors who carry out physical work to help Navy Oceanographers and Meteorologists getâ¦ Information like detailed frequency analysis from the target’s mechanical and electrical sources are also plotted and used to help confirm the solution. These waves have both an amplitude energy level and a wavelength frequency. Just before the mission begins, we will pull into the nearest NATO or Pacific Fleet port and pick up a fresh pack of food, drop off any trash, and most importantly pick up the ‘Spooks.’ Spooks are crypto-radio sailors who spend most of their time locked inside the radio room’s exclusion area, but are vital to mission success. Small, inconsistent, and unrelated data must be pieced together to determine if a contact is detected. No one moves. A sonar system will detect these waves and display them in different formats to the operator. In a high contact environment, this can rapidly overwhelm an operator. Sonar technicians in the Navy are required to be U.S. citizens as they deal with secret to top secret activities when aboard ship or submarine.Â, Sub-Specialties Available for This Rating:Â Navy Enlisted Classification Codes for STG. SONAR is the name applied to all underwater sound gear. This estimate is based upon 2 Canadian Armed Forces Sonar Operator salary report(s) provided by employees or estimated based upon statistical methods. Marine mammals rely on underwater sound to survive. It contains the latest weather projections for our operating area and any units that are not in port and maybe in the area. Every direction, elevation, frequency, and automated detection must be verified on each array. Let’s go through a hypothetical mission where all this comes together. Naval Electronic Sensor Operators operate the radar and radio detection devices, radar jamming systems and decoys, and gun/missile-firing equipment carried on major naval warships. USN We break down how modern torpedo attacks really go down and the types of torpedoes that are used to sink ships and other submarines. After "C" school and a sonar operator course (6-8 weeks), STGs are assigned to surface ships as sonar equipment operators. Once on station, the sonar team manning is increased. This signal 'cleaning' is carefully done by the processor so as not to strip any contact information from the raw signal. Big claims abound about mysterious objects submariners detect below the waves, so we went straight to the source and what we found out was surprising. As members of the shipâs Combat Team, they detect, locate and identify friendly and enemy submarines, ships and aircraft. Similarly, the U.S. Navy depends on sonar for defending our ships at sea. Once one is, the sonar system will begin tracking the noise source for the operators. The Navy Sonar Technician is highly trained in electronics and acoustics of ships, submarines, and oceanographic issues. Sound analysis is a vital tool in naval operations. A Navy frogman tests new sonar equipment developed to located underwater objects. Modern Submarine Torpedo Attacks Are Nothing Like What You See In The Movies. Each Navy job is given a code known as a Navy Enlisted Classification (NEC). A well-trained team will do this without direction. Armed Forces Pages Community Organization Armed Forces Royal Canadian Navy Videos #TradesTuesday - Sonar Operator Thirdly I had seen the film The Hunt for Red October and for some reason the role of sonar operator on a submarine seemed really glamourous to me. The sonar supervisor has an independent solution he calculates from the raw acoustic data. National Archives photograph, USN 1047343. a. Deletes all conventional ordnance handling qualification cards as these cards are now contained in reference (b). Detection for the sonar team ’ s responsibility still must be verified each! 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